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以万变应不变,2016考研英语

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以万变应不变,2016考研英语

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  作文是种种菲律宾语考试中得分异常的低的一种题型,究其原因,除了平常不够练习之外,同学们还缺乏作文得分技术。同学们急需驾驭一定的编慕与著述模板和熟稔多量的话题作文,纯模板会很僵化贫乏弹性,而话题作文能够越来越好的拓展思维,比如话题作文160篇里的高分佳句很实用。报考博士匈牙利(Magyarország)语作文的巩固必要大批量细节的剖析和磨砺,个中1个重要的主旨是有关意大利共和国语写作的机要规律——seeking variety (追求语言丰盛多变)。怎样追求变化?上面英语教研室杨先生举多少个有血有肉的例证,从各类角度给出句型调换的方法,提供一些思路。要是能在写作中装置有个别词汇和句型的闪光点,必定使您的小说为虎添翼。

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  1、注意段首句式的转换

  Section I  Use of English

  远近盛名,在报考硕士[微博]希腊语真题中,小说多来自The Economist(管历史学人)、Times (时代周刊)、Scientific American (科学匈牙利人)等海外著名杂志、报纸和刊物。那么些杂志、报刊被称为同源外刊。The Economist中的壹篇名称为《滋长的无信仰论》的小说从成为结构、表明格局都与真题周边,吸引了都教授的眼珠,上边就带各位201陆报考大学生学子来学学一下。

  图画作文的段首句往往是“如图所示”或“从水墨画中得以看看”之类,上面为常事应用的有的句型:

  Directions:

  Growing disbelief

  As is shown in the picture,

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  AMERICA is not an easy place for atheists. Religion pervades the public sphere, and studies show that non-believers are more distrusted than other minorities.

  As can be seen from the picture,

  Thinner isn’t always better. A number of studies have __1___ that normal-weight people are in fact at higher risk of some diseases compared to those who are overweight. And there are health conditions for which being overweight is actually ___2___. For example, heavier women are less likely to develop calcium deficiency than thin women. ___3___ among the elderly, being somewhat overweight is often an ___4___ of good health。

  Several states still ban atheists from holding public office. These rules, which are unconstitutional, are never enforced, but that hardly matters. Over 40% of Americans say they would never vote for an atheist presidential candidate.

  It is vividly shown in the picture that……

  Of even greater ___5___ is the fact that obesity turns out to be very difficult to define. It is often defined ___6___ body mass index, or BMI. BMI  ___7__ body mass divided by the square of height. An adult with a BMI of 18 to 25 is often considered to be normal weight. Between 25 and 30 is overweight. And over 30 is considered obese. Obesity, ___8___,can be divided into moderately obese, severely obese, and very severely obese。

  Yet the past seven years have seen a fivefold increase in people who call themselves atheists, to 5% of the population, according to WIN-Gallup International, a network of pollsters. Meanwhile, the proportion of Americans who say they are religious has fallen from 73% in 2005 to 60% in 2011.

  We can see in this picture that ……

  While such numerical standards seem  9 , they are not. Obesity is probably less a matter of weight than body fat. Some people with a high BMI are in fact extremely fit, 10  others with a low BMI may be in poor 11 .For example, many collegiate and professional football players  12  as obese, though their percentage body fat is low. Conversely, someone with a small frame may have high body fat but a  13   BMI。

  Such a large drop in religiosity is startling, but the data on atheists are in line with other polling. A Pew survey in 2009 also found that 5% of Americans did not believe in God. But only a quarter of those called themselves atheists. The newest polling, therefore, may simply show an increase in those willing to say the word.

  It is of considerable interest to see in the bizarre picture that……

  Today we have a(an) _14 _ to label obesity as a disgrace.The overweight are sometimes_15_in the media with their faces covered. Stereotypes _16_ with obesity include laziness, lack of will power,and lower prospects for success.Teachers,employers,and health professionals have been shown to harbor biases against the obese. _17_very young children tend to look down on the overweight, and teasing about body build has long been a problem in schools。

  This change may have come about because of an informal movement of non-believers known as “New Atheism”. Over the past eight years, authors such as Richard Dawkins and the late Christopher Hitchens have attacked religion in bestselling books, appealing persuasively to logic and science. Mr Dawkins, a British biologist, has especially encouraged people to declare their disbelief.

  2、适当用被动替换主动,那样能更客观地显示真实情况。

  1. [A] denied        [B] conduced        [C] doubled        [D] ensured

  Earlier this year he spoke at the “Reason Rally”, a gathering of thousands of secularists on the Mall in Washington, DC. “We are approaching a tipping point”, he predicted, “where the number of people who have come out becomes so great that suddenly everyone will realise, I can come out too。”

  句子最先不要总是用we / I (例如写结尾时不要we should pay attention to而用Attent

  2. [A] protective    [B] dangerous       [C] sufficient     [D]troublesome

  Some are doing so loudly. When Democratic convention-goers arrive in Charlotte, North Carolina, they will be greeted by a billboard sponsored by a group called American Atheists that claims Christianity “promotes hate” and exalts a “useless saviour”. A similar billboard mocking Mormonism was planned for the Republican convention, but no one would sell the group space.

  ion should be paid to. ) 举个精粹结尾的事例:It is, therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively。

  3. [A] Instead       [B] However         [C] Likewise       [D] Therefore

  American Atheists is also trying to block the display of a cross-shaped steel beam at the September 11th museum in New York. The beam, found in the wreckage of the World Trade Centre, was a totem for rescuers. The atheists see its inclusion as an unconstitutional mingling of church and state. The museum says the cross is an historical artefact, and that anyway it is not a government agency. Fights like this are unlikely to enhance atheism’s growing appeal in America.

  3、一句话用区别的句式来发挥

  4. [A] indicator     [B] objective       [C] origin         [D] example

  ●作品结构分析

  为了狠抓同学们对语法知识在撰写中的灵活运用,上面给出一句话的14种句式及言语

  5. [A] impact        [B] relevance       [C] assistance     [D] concern

  第一层为文章的1、二段,开篇申明美利坚联邦合众国的无神论者日子并不佳过,第一层为3、4段,经过调核实明,近日United States无神论者的总人口有远大的提升,不过那种增加恐怕1味是因为聊城协和是无神论者的人多了。第3层为伍、陆段,无神论的扩埃迪·戈麦斯能跟一些大手笔抨击宗教,鼓励人们成为无神论者有关。第伍层为柒、8段,一些无神论者在宣扬无神论时,相当高调,而他们的壹对行动却或然招来非议。

  调解的功效,内容上并未有太大差别,但是请同学们仔细甄别每句话所尊重的句式:

  6. [A] in terms of   [B] in case of      [C] in favor of     [D] in of

  ●重在词汇

  一.选拔表语从句

  7. [A] measures      [B] determines       [C] equals         [D] modifies

  atheist 无神论者

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard, and being shocked at the message. The reason is that the billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”。

  8. [A] in essence     [B] in contrast     [C] in turn        [D] in part

  pollster 民调解的人

  2.选用介词短语

  9. [A] complicated    [B] conservative    [C] variable       [D] straightforward

  religiosity 对宗教的纯真,狂喜

  In the picture, two people are reading the announcement and they are being shocked at the message of “a sale of dead bodies” on a billboard。

  10. [A] so            [B] unlike          [C] since          [D] unless

  secularist 世俗论者,宗教与教育分离者

  三.使用难点句

  11. [A] shape         [B] spirit          [C] balance        [D] taste

  exalt 赞扬,提拔

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. Why are they so shocked? The reason is that the billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”。

  12. [A] start         [B] quality            [C] retire             [D] stay

  Mormonism 摩门教,早先时期圣徒教会

  四.施用原因状语从句

  13. [A] strange       [B] changeable         [C] normal             [D] constant

  ●长难句解析

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. As the billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”, they are shocked at the message。

  14. [A] option        [B] reason             [C] opportunity        [D] tendency

  We are approaching a tipping point”, he predicted, “where the number of people who have come out becomes so great that suddenly everyone will realise, I can come out too.

  5.选取结果状语从句

  15. [A] employed      [B] pictured           [C] imitated           [D] monitored

  翻译:他做出预测,“我们正在向二个关口进发,这里宣称本身是无神论的人时那样之多以致于每一个人都会意识到小编也能对外发布自个儿是无神论者了。”

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. The billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” so that they are shocked at the message。

  16. [A]               [B] combined           [C] settled            [D] associated

  解析:句子的主语是he,谓语是predicted,宾语是二个直接引语。宾语是多少个从来引语。宾语从句的基本是we are approaching a tipping point。被由where携带的宾语从句修饰。在这些定语从句中,where作状语,句子主语是the number of people ,谓语是becomes, so great是表语。So...that是一个固定搭配,表示程度,意思是“如此……以致于……”。那也算得,人数如此之多乃至于每一种人都会发觉到“作者也能对外发表自身是无神论者了”。

  陆.选择时间状语从句

  17. [A] Even          [B] Still              [C] Yet                [D] Only

  通过都教师的授课,各位考生是或不是也感觉那篇文章值得一学了吗,那就便捷将稿子精髓驾驭起来吧。预祝各位考生备考顺遂,获得精良佳绩!

  In the picture, while the two people are reading the announcement on the billboard about “a sale of the dead bodies”, they are being deeply shocked。

  18. [A] despised      [B] corrected          [C] ignored            [D] grounded

  小说来源:文都教育

  7.应用分词短语

  19. [A] discussions   [B] businesses         [C] policies           [D] studies

  In the picture, reading the message of a ‘sale of the dead bodies” advertised on the billboard, the two people are deeply shocked。

  20. [A] for           [B] against            [C] with               [D] without

  八.利用主动语态

  Section II  Reading Comprehension

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” shocks the two people reading it。

  Part A

  9.使用There be 结构

  Directions:

  In the picture, there is an announcement on a billboard advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” and shocking the two people reading it。

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

  10.施用倒装句

  Text 1

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