Spending five minutes thinking about your ancestors before an exam or job interview can significantly boost your chances of success, according to researchers from University of Graz, together with colleagues from Berlin and Munich universities。奥地利共和国（Republik Österreich）伊兹密尔大学以及德国首都和罗马几所高级高校的钻探人口称，考试或面试前思索自身的祖辈，考试恐怕面试通过率会拉长。
**develop time management ability时间管理**
Then the students were asked how confident they felt about upcoming exams. Those who remembered lost generations were more confident. Then they underwent a range of intelligence tests, and those more confident students gained 14 out of a maximum 16, compared with just ten out of 16 in the rival group。随后询问他们对于即今后临的测量试验有多大信心。那些刚纪念了前辈的学生自信程度分明更加高。而在随之实行的总分为16分的一密密麻麻智力测试中，第一组学生得分14，而另一组得分仅为10。
The students' coursework
In intelligence tests on 80 students, researchers asked one group to spend five minutes thinking about their 15th century ancestors, their great-grandparents and asked another group to recall a recent trip to the shops。在对80名学员开展的智力检测中，商量人口先是让一组学生花5分钟时间思索本身处在15世纪的先世、本身的曾祖老人，但让另一组只是想起近来的购物经历。
Their study, presented
-study or work alone can improve work efficiency by developing strong time management ability
and predicted grades were considered in the calculations to ensure it was not simply the case that more intelligent students were more likely to bring drinks with them。考生的学业和估量分数在计算初级中学完成学业生升学考试[微博]虑在内，来保管结果不会因越聪明的学生越有相当大只怕把果汁带入考点这一只怕而出现偏差。
The findings, published in the European Journal of Social Psychology, suggest the so-called "ancestor effect" appears to work by acting as a reminder to the brain that seemingly impossible hurdles can be overcome。钻探结果发布在澳大汉密尔顿（Australia）刊物《社会心情学》上。探究申明有种所谓的“祖先效应”扶助大脑跨越看似不容许的阻力。
Use specific reasons and details in your response.
Taking a bottle of water into the exam hall could help students boost their grades, researchers claim。英国研究人士声称，带瓶水进考试的地点能辅助升高等高校统招考试生的成就。
（来源：沪江斯洛伐克共和国（The Slovak Republic）语）
Task 2Some students prefer to write an essay. Other students prefer to take a test. Which type of task do you prefer?
themselves with their family history appear to gain a stronger sense of identity and self-esteem, which somehow boosts intellectual performance, according to psychologists。心思学家们以为这种功效大概根源于那样一个事实，即那多少个熟稔家族史的大家就像有着更为明朗的本人承认感和自尊。
Task 1What is your strength your country education? Include reasons and examples to support your response.
Psychologists said it was unclear why drinking water would improve your performance but said that being better hydrated could have a helpful impact on the brain, and knowing you had a bottle with you might make you feel more reassured。心境学家表示，以往并不精通为何喝水能增高战表，不过多喝水确实对大脑有益，考生知道自身随身带瓶水可能会倍感相比较安心。
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Learning to be independent is important, because it helps build up children’s confidence.Once children could learn to complete things on their own, they start to believe everything is under their control and feel a sense of accomplishment on being to fulfill more things. Then their confidence makes them rely more on themselves, use your own judgment, make your own decision and thus become mature.
马克 加德纳 of Westminster University, one of the collaborating researchers, said: "If it turns out to be that the effect is indeed larger for younger students we think it could be important – those students could be more anxious and the water is having an effect on exam anxiety, perhaps through beliefs about the positive effects of water。威斯敏斯特大学[微博]的助教马克·Gardner参加了该项钻探。他说：“假若事实注明，年龄异常的小的考生这一作用更为显眼，那大家认为那项切磋特别首要——那二个学生恐怕更上一层楼思念，水能帮她们减轻考试时的下压力，或许是因为他俩坚信水会对她们福利，所以结果才会那样。”
Also, completing tasks on your own within a time you planned can help boost your confidence and self belief. You believe everything is under your control and feel a sense of accomplish ment on being able to fulfill more things. And your confidence can reinforce your determine to achieve great academic performance.
A study of university students found that those who brought drinks, especially water, with them as they sat their exams performed up to 10 per cent better than those who did not。那项针对大学生的探究注脚，把饮品特别是水带入考试的地点考试的同学，比没带的考生战绩要好，最高能落得一成。
The effect may be rooted in the fact that those who familiarize
First, going shopping for a specific reason can save time from wondering around or window shopping.I don’t want to waste my time on shopping, but to use it in my favorite ways like hanging out with friends, doing exercises in the gym or reading. As a student, being able to manage my time is a good quality and can make me become productive and learn more.
The researchers studied hundreds of university students in their first and second years of degree courses and at pre-degree "foundation" level and observed what drinks, if any, they brought into exam halls with them。研商人口针对几百名博士，对他们大学一年级和大二的学位课课程考试和预科班入门级课程考试实行了商量，并洞察他们身上教导考试的地点的饮品。
Personally speaking, I prefer to shop only when I need to buy specific things, because I want to be self-organized and efficient when doing everything.
"Or it could be that the younger students might not eat as healthily, have possibly been out late the night before, and might need to drink more water to stop them being dehydrated."“也可能有希望是年纪比较小的考生饮食并不正规，考试今儿早上很只怕熬夜，所以要求饮用部分水来严防投机脱水。”
For students at foundation level, grades improved by 10 per cent while there was no significant benefit for those at second year level。在预科班的考生中，指导饮料进考试的场合的考生比不带果汁的考生疏数要高一成，而大二考生的这一异样并不醒目。
at the British Psychological Society annual conference in London on Wednesday, found that those who brought drinks in with them averaged five per cent better in exams。那项探究在本礼拜五London大不列颠及苏格兰联合王国心情协会年会上开展了介绍，探讨结果表明教导果汁进入考试的地方的学员平均成绩要高5%。
Also, completing a research paper on their own can boost their confidence to finish more research topics in the future. Then, their confidence makes them rely more on themselves and use their intelligence to do well on the papers. The confidence of doing research paper alone will benefit their study or work in the future.
Use specific reasons and details in your response.
Parents should be in the process of helping their children to choose a university.
Task 2Some people prefer to solve a challenge all by themselves. Others prefer to depend on other people’s help. Which do you prefer and why?
Which of the activities do you prefer to do by yourself or with a group of people: study, exercise, or shopping?
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Personally speaking, doing research paper is beneficial for students, because it helps students develop time management skill and also boost their confidence.
TPO3 – Task2
I think students should learn to be independent and solve problems on their own in order to improve their grades.
Task 2When they are studying to prepare for an exam, some students like to study with other people, while others like to study alone. Which do you prefer and why?
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